Text & Citations for Print #1: Treaty of Cession: March 30, 1867
“In a country set up to maintain a strict separation of church and state, the Doctrine of Discovery should have long ago been declared unconstitutional because it is based on a prejudicial treatment of Native American people simply because they were not Christians at the time of European arrival.”
Newcomb, Steve. “Five Hundred Years of Injustice: The Legacy of Fifteenth Century Religious Prejudice.” Indigenous Law Institute. http:/www.ili.nativeweb.org/asdrm_art.html. Web, viewed 7 January 2017.
“However extravagant the pretension of converting the discovery of an inhabited country into conquest may appear; if the principle has been asserted in the first instance, and afterwards sustained; if a country has been acquired and held under it; if the property of the great mass of the community originates in it, it becomes the law of the land, and cannot be questioned.”
Johnson v. M’Intosh, 21 U.S. 543, 591, 5 L. Ed. 681 (1823)
- U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Northwestern America showing the territory ceded by Russia to the United States.1867. Library of Congress. https://lccn.loc.gov/98687109
- Bellin, Jacques Nicolas. L’hydrographie françoise: recueil des cartes … [1737-72] Library of Congress. https://lccn.loc.gov/99446210
- “Doctrine of Discovery.” Upstander Project. article & jpeg of Papal Bull, “Inter Caetera” http://upstanderproject.org/firstlight/doctrine.
“WordWrap 2017: Historical Reflections on the Law of the Land.” Created by Lisa Link for the Alaska Sesquicentennial Commemorative Exhibit, “Voices of Change: Perspectives on the Transfer of Alaska from Russia to the United States” at Sitka National Historical Park.