Text & Citations for Print #7: Land Freeze, 1969
The freeze was made official in Public Land Order No. 4582, issued January 17, 1969, which reads as follows:
Subject to valid existing rights, and subject to the conditions hereinafter set forth, all public lands in Alaska which are unreserved or which would otherwise become unreserved prior to the expiration of this order, are hereby withdrawn from all forms of appropriation and disposition under the public land laws (except locations for metalliferous minerals), including selection by the State of Alaska pursuant to the Alaska Statehood Act (72 Stat. 339), and from leasing under the Mineral Leasing Act of February 25, 1920 (41 Stat. 437; 30 U.S.C. 181 et seq.), as amended, and reserved under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior for the determination and protection of the rights of the Native Aleuts, Eskimos, and Indians of Alaska. The withdrawal and reservation created by this order shall expire at 12 p. m. (midnight), prevailing A. s. t., December 31, 1970
Edwardsen v. Morton, 369 F. Supp. 1359, 1364 (D.D.C. 1973)
- E.W. Merrill Photograph Courtesy of National Park Service, Sitka National Historic Park.
- Tundra Times photo of protesters at oil lease sale, 1969, Courtesy of Ukpeaġvik Iñupiat Corporation and Tuzzy Consortium Library of Utqiaġvik (Barrow), Alaska.
“WordWrap 2017: Historical Reflections on the Law of the Land.” Created by Lisa Link for the Alaska Sesquicentennial Commemorative Exhibit, “Voices of Change: Perspectives on the Transfer of Alaska from Russia to the United States” at Sitka National Historical Park.